When we talk about candida, we usually think of an infection of the genital tract, but there is a type of candidiasis that also afflicts the oral mucosa: it is the “thrush”, an annoying infestation but, fortunately, absolutely treatable.
Let’s find out what to do in case of yeast infection in mouth.
What are the first remedies against yeast infection in mouth?
If you notice strange white spots inside the mouth, you could suffer from a condition called thrush. It is an infection caused by the fungus candida or yeast. Thrush can occur in the mouth, but also in other parts of the body. It can also cause skin rashes in children or vaginal yeast infections in women. Anyone can be affected by thrush, but it is usually more common in infants, older adults and people with weakened immune systems. If you have been affected by the thrush, you need to put in place some remedy to solve the problem. First of all, it is important to eliminate all sources of stress and eventually take a rest.
What are the causes of yeast infection in mouth?
Small amounts of candida mushrooms are present physiologically in the mouth, in the digestive tract and in the skin. These minimal fungal appearances are usually kept under control by the other bacteria in the body, but sometimes certain diseases or certain types of drugs, such as corticosteroids or antibiotics, can change this balance. This can lead the fungus to grow beyond measure. Thus the lily of the valley is formed.
Stress can also cause oral candidiasis, as well as a number of medical conditions, including:
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- HIV infection
- Dry mouth
- Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy
- If you smoke or wear dentures that do not fit your mouth well, thrush is more likely to form; children affected by thrush can pass the infection to their mothers during breastfeeding.
What are the symptoms of yeast infection in mouth?
The white and slightly raised areas in the mouth are common signs of thrush. They are usually found on the tongue or on the inside of the cheeks. These growths can also appear on the palate, on the gums, on the tonsils or on the back of the throat. These areas can be painful and even bleed slightly when they are inadvertently rubbed or brushed. In very rare cases, they can spread into the esophagus and cause:
- Pain when swallowing or difficulty swallowing
- Feeling that the food is stuck in the throat or in the middle of the chest
- Fever if the infection expands beyond the esophagus
- The fungus that causes thrush can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver, and skin. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.
How to understand when it comes to oral candidiasis?
The dentist or doctor is able to see the fungus by simply glancing into the patient’s mouth. The doctor could also take a small sample from the patient’s mouth with suspected candidiasis and send it to a laboratory only to accept the presence of the disease.
If the fungus spreads into the esophagus, it may be necessary to perform other tests, such as:
- A gold-pharyngeal swab
- Endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine
- X-ray of the esophagus
What is the treatment for oral candidiasis?
Thrush is easy to treat in children and healthy adults. But the symptoms can be more serious and difficult to treat in people with weak immune systems.
The doctor, in the event of thrush, will prescribe antifungal drugs to be taken for 10-14 days. Such drugs are found in tablets, tablets or liquids, and are generally easy to take.
Because the infection can also be a symptom of other medical problems, the doctor can also perform other tests to eliminate them.
How can I prevent the onset of the fungus?
There are some gimmicks to keep your mouth healthy and keep the annoying oral fungus away:
- Practice good oral hygiene
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day
- Floss at least once a day
- Perform periodic checks at the dentist, especially if you have diabetes or if you are wearing dentures. Even if you are in good health and do not have dental problems, you should perform oral hygiene once every six months
- Treat chronic health problems. Diseases such as HIV or diabetes can interfere with the balance of the body’s bacteria and trigger the thrush
- If you are taking medications continuously, notify your doctor
- Rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash once or twice a day to help keep your teeth and gums healthy.
- Do not use anything else that can upset the normal bacterial balance in the mouth
- Clean the inhalers after use. If you suffer from asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), thoroughly clean the inhalers after each use to kill the germs therein
- Limit foods that contain sugar and yeast. The bread, beer, and wine determine an additional growth of the fungus, which feeds on these ingredients
- If you have the habit of smoking, maybe it’s time to stop. In this case, the advice is to ask the doctor or dentist to help you defeat this bad habit